How to select the appropriate hydraulic hose from the StrongFlex certified series

How to select the appropriate hydraulic hose from the StrongFlex certified series

how to select hydraulic hose
How to select hydraulic hose

Hydraulic hoses are widely used to transmit fluid power from a hydraulic pump to actuators in a hydraulic system, which is comprised of a loop conduit. These systems are critical components of engineering equipment such as cranes, hoists, derricks, forklifts, tractors, agricultural machines, and forest machines.

Hydraulic hoses are an essential component of any hydraulic system; however, there are numerous options in hydraulic rubber hoses on the market, as well as with us, which can be confusing to the novice, so I wrote this article to provide guidance to our readers.

Hydraulic Hose Common Approved Standard

Authoritative organizations developed their own standard for the structure and performance of hydraulic hoses used in various applications. SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers), EN (European Norm), DIN (Deutsche Institute for Normung), and ISO (International Organization for Standardization) are examples of these standards (International Standards Organization). Some of the standard requirements are similar, if not identical, between them. We marked the standard it matches on each product detail page, and some matches two or more. To distinguish the products, we created the SAE 100 Series as our main category.

Hydraulic hose construction

The majority of hydraulic rubber hoses are made up of three layers: an inner tube that transports hydraulic fluid; a complex reinforcement layer made up of fiber braid, steel wire braid, or steel spiral; and an outer layer that serves as a cover for the rubber hose.

Each Layer’s Performance and Functions

  • Inner tube: The inner tube transports hydraulic fluid; it is usually made of NBR or Neoprene or a combination of the two, with some exceptions; it must be compatible with the hydraulic media; it cannot be contaminated or corrupted. Any corrosive media will reduce the hydraulic hose’s service life.
  • Reinforcement middle layer: This layer gives the rubber hose more strength; the material covers polyester fiber and steel wire, and depending on the working pressure, they can be single or multiple layers. Braid and spiral are common reinforcement patterns; hydraulic hose with multiple spiral layers is typically used in heavy-duty, high-impulse applications.
  • Outer Layer: This layer is the hose’s cover, and it’s usually made of NBR, NR, CPE, or a combination of these materials. Its main function is to protect the entire hose from environmental impact. UV rays, ozone, chemical, and mechanical factors are just a few examples.

Apart from rubber hoses, the SAE standard family also includes thermoplastic and PTFE hoses. For example, SAE 100R7 and SAE 100R8 are thermoplastic hoses with both inner and outer tubes, while SAE 100R14 is made of PTFE, which has better corrosion resistance. They’re used in a few unique situations.

A comprehensive list of strongflex hoses

productdescriptionband rediuspressure rangetemperature rangeimpulse pressuremininum number
of the cycles
100R1ATMedium-pressure hydraulics;
1 steel braid;
Rubber cover
Standard600 to 3600-40 to 212133% 200,000
100R2ATHigh-pressure hydraulics;
2 steel braid;
Rubber cover
Standard1000 to 6000-40 to 212133% 200,000
100R3Medium-Low-pressure hydraulics;
2 textile braid;
Rubber cover
Standard400 to 1500-40 to 212133% 200,000
100R4Suction and delivery hose;
one or multipul textile braid;
1 steel spiral;
rubber cover
Standard35 to 300-40 to 212n/an/a
100R5Single-steel braid;
Textile cover;
DOT/SAE truck hose
Standard200 to 3000-40 to 212133%200,000
100R6Low-pressure hydraulics;
Single-polyester fiber braid;
Rubber cover
Standard300 to 500-40 to 212n/an/a
100R7Medium-pressure hydraulics;
Thermoplastic hydraulci hose;
Single Fiber braid;
Standard1000 to 3000-40 to 200125%150,000
100R8High-pressure hydraulics;
Thermoplastic hydraulic hose;
Two Fiber braid;
Standard2000 to 6000-40 to 200133%200,000
100R12High – duty, High impluse,
four steel spiral Reinforcement
Standard2500 to 4000-40 to 250133%500,000
100R13Heavy-duty Multiple steel wire spiral;
Constant pressure;
Standard5000-40 to 250120%5000
100R14PTFE tube;
Steel wire braid cover
Standard600 to 1500-65 to 400100% or 125%150,000
100R15Heavey duty, Multiple Steel Wire Spiral Hydraulic Hose;
constant pressure
Standard6000-40 to 212133%200,000
100R16compact high pressure hose;
excellent band radius;
single wire braid
compact1800 to 5800-40 to 212133%200,000
100R17compact high pressure hose;
excellent band radius;
single or two wire braid;
constant pressure
compact3000-40 to 212133%200,000

Abbreviation for universal taxonomy STAMPED

Size, Temperature, Application, Media, Pressure, End, Delivery is abbreviated as S.T.A.M.P.E.D., which stands for Size, Temperature, Application, Media, Pressure, End, Delivery.

Size:

Sizing specifications include inner diameter(I.D), outer diameter(O.D), and length, and are the most basic and important factors in hydraulic hose selection.

The velocity of the fluid within the hose is directly proportional to the I.D dimension. If the inner diameter is much smaller than it should be, the velocity will be much higher, causing a lot of turbulence and vibration. The pressure will drop dramatically along the hose, reducing the hydraulic hose’s service life and even causing it to burst.

If the inner diameter is much larger than it should be, it will require far more hydraulic liquid than is necessary, and the velocity will be sluggish and ineffective, preventing the hydraulic system from responding sensitively.

Then you can use the calculator tool below, or you can print the sizing nomogram and draw a straight edge with known variables. The I.D dash should be determined as the intersecting point.

Temperature:

The temperature indicator includes both ambient and media temperatures; therefore, before selecting the appropriate hose, you should determine where your machine will be used, whether it will be extremely cold, and what the top temperature will be when your machine is used in a long and continuous application. The temperature range for our product is shown in the specifications, so make sure your working temperature is within that range.

Application:

When it comes to hydraulic hose application, it is mostly used in routing situations. If space is limited, it can choose a compact one to fix it. If the ambivalent factor, mechanical load, has a significant impact, these factors are related to the hose’s outer layer. Our hydraulic hose’s outer layer is made of NR/ NBR/CPE synthetic rubber, which has good weather and atmosphere resistance。

media:

The fluid is conveyed through the hose is referred to as the Media. The hose’s inner material must be compatible with the medium. They can’t react with the inner tube’s inner wall and cause damage.

Pressure:

It’s critical to understand the system’s working pressure as well as any surge pressures or spikes. Choose a hose with a maximum working pressure equal to or greater than the maximum system pressure, as well as any surge or peak transient pressures in the system.

End:

The hydraulic hose’s end must have standard dimensions that can be mated with commonly used hydraulic fittings on the market. We specialize in a wide range of hydraulic fittings, with threads that meet popular standards such as JIS, JIC, SAE, and BSP….

Delivery:

This indicator refers to how easy it is to obtain hydraulic hoses and whether they are widely approved. Every item on our list complies with industry standards such as SAE or EN.

Conclusion

Strongflex offers hydraulic hoses that meet SAE 100R and EN standards. It’s easy to find what you’re looking for among the products listed above; each product has a link to its detail page. and I’ll show you how to choose the best one in the following paragraphs. STAMPED is a term that is frequently used when choosing a hydraulic system. I hope you found this article helpful. Please

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